The rules on internships typically seem to favor employers, and new rules that went into effect on December 1, 2015-4 grant new rights to students who want to complete internships as part of their studies. Most importantly, the new rules clarify the duration of an internship, so an internship for 15 hours a week for 4 months is treated the same as an internship of 30 hours per week for 2 months.
The other articles about internships in this booklet have been updated to reflect the new rules, but here’s an overview of the new policies:
1) Internships are now paid starting with the 309th hour of work or presence in the company, or the 44th full-time day (7 hour days). A ‘day’ is equal to 7 hours of work, not necessarily consecutive, and a ‘month’ is equal to 22 ‘days.’
2) Interns can’t work longer hours than their bosses or other regular employees. If employees work a 35-hour workweek, so do the interns.
3) Companies are required to offer tickets restaurant to interns if they offer them to employees, and interns are also reimbursed for part of their travel costs at the same rate as employees.
4) Interns are entitled to leave for maternity, paternity, and adoption. The convention de stage must also specify how to take authorized absences from work.
5) Interns are no longer allowed to do internships in the same company for more than 6 months out of a calendar year.
6) Interns must have a tutor in their university (enseignant référant) and a designated host in the company they work for. Both must now sign the convention de stage, in addition to the company, the university department secretary’s office, and the student. Each ‘enseignant référant’ can tutor no more than 16 students.
7) At the end of the internship, the company must issue an attestation explaining the length of the internship and the total amount of stipend paid.
8) Companies are limited in the number of interns they can have per employee.
9) Internships must be part of a university program, and students must be taking at least 200 hours of coursework during the year to be eligible to complete an internship.
10) Interns cannot do anything considered dangerous. (‘Dangerous’ has not yet been defined by the law)
11) Beginning September 1, 2015, interns are paid at the rate of €3,60 per hour of presence, on a monthly basis, beginning with the 309th hour of work. This represents 15% of the ‘plafond de sécurité sociale’. (This provision is put into effect gradually, starting in December 2014.)
12) Stipends are now completely non-taxable up to minimum wage (currently €9,61 per hour gross).