The rapport de stage is organized in 5 main sections that describe the details of your internship, your projects and experiences, and provide a summary of how the internship contributes to your personal and professional development.
1) The Introduction
The introduction to your rapport de stage should summarize how you found the internship you completed and how you came to work in that particular company.
You can discuss any of the following topics in the introduction:
- why you wanted to do an internship as part of your degree (regardless of whether or not one was required)
- the types of internships you considered before settling on one particular field
- why you wanted to work in a small / medium / large company
- what types of companies you considered
- what motivated you to apply to the internship you ultimately accepted
- your first contact with the company and your interview with them
- anything that stuck out to you as a reason to do your internship there
- what kinds of assignments or projects you thought you’d be working on while there
While you likely have a lot to write about the process of finding your internship, remember that you will be judged and graded primarily based on the work you did there. Therefore, it’s best to keep this section relatively short, or 10-15% of the total length of your rapport.
2) Summary of your Rapport de Stage
Like the “plan” in your dissertation, the summary of the rapport de stage briefly outlines the main ideas of your rapport de stage and tells the reader where you’re going. It should also present the “argument” or “problématique” of your rapport de stage (yes, you need a problématique here too!).
The problématique of your rapport de stage should have something to do with the competencies you were looking to develop when you began your stage, and how the internship and experiences at the company contributed to your overall life plan and career goals.
Always try to bring it back to your professional development and the skills you are supposed to learn in your university program.
This section should be relatively short – about 5% of the total length of your report.
3) Description of the Company and Department
The next section of your rapport de stage should also be relatively brief, and provide a summary of the company you worked for and the department you worked in. Talk about what kinds of products or services the company provides, what their mission statement is, and how your team and supervisors contribute to the growth of the company overall. You can also situate the company in the market and among its competitors in France and internationally.
This section can be a bit tricky to write, as you want to show that you have a thorough understanding of the company, the industry, and the department without going overboard. Remember that your advisor wants you to be intimately familiar with what your company does by the end of your internship, but that demonstrating your knowledge of the company shouldn’t overshadow the next section on your personal experiences.
Keep this section to 10-15% of your total report.
4) Description of Your Internship
The majority of your rapport de stage should discuss the projects you worked on in the company and what you learned while you were there. If your internship was only a few weeks long, this section might not be very long or complicated, and you might consider explaining day by day or week by week what you did, and you may only have one or two projects to describe.
If your internship was several months long, this section will certainly be much longer and more complex.
Here are some tips for writing and organizing this section:
– Pick a few main projects you worked on and discuss the weekly progression on each. Identify the components that led to the most learning and gave you the most responsibility, and how you developed your skills with each one.
– Highlight the most significant problems or challenges you faced during your internship and how you dealt with them. These *can* be interpersonal challenges, such as talking to your boss about taking on more responsibility instead of spending most of your time photocopying. However, make sure to generalize the experience and focus on how it will help you with future contexts. And make sure that you focus on projects and work most of the time.
– If you worked on many short projects, discuss how the projects changed and evolved over time, how they enabled you to see many different facets of (industry), or how they gave you a good overview of the skills you’ll need to work in (field).
– Don’t be afraid to show projects or failures that contradict your original “problématique” and goals for your internship. It’s okay to show that your preconceptions about the company or the field were mistaken.
This section should take up about 60-65% of your report.
5) Meta-Analysis and Perspective
In the last section, the “meta-analysis” or conclusion, you’ll want to summarize the main things you learned during your internship and put them into the context of your career path and professional development.
Identify the main skills you learned and the major projects you completed or worked on that contributed to your learning experience. Explain whether your experience lived up to your expectations and whether or not you learned all that you thought you would during your stage.
Finally, summarize how your internship contributed to your understanding of the field and your particular degree program, and how it may influence your career choices in the future.
The final section should be about 5-10% of your report.